What is a school crisis?

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A school crisis is an event that is perceived as extremely negative, uncontrollable, and sudden and unpredictable (Brock, et al., 2016). Such events may cause great pain or physical and/or emotional harm or have the perception of causing both. Crises can impact a small number of students, but also have the potential to impact the whole school and school community. Further, they can significantly disrupt the learning environment of students. Such events are outside the norm of the typical school day and may include: severe illness and/or injury, violent and/or unexpected death, threatened death and/or injury, acts of war and/or terrorism, natural disasters, or man-made/industrial disasters.