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    Getting Ready for Kindergarten
     
    Teachers recognize that each child is an individual and enters kindergarten with varying experiences.    Parents are their child’s first teacher and they know their child in ways no one else does.  Parents often ask how they can prepare their child for kindergarten.  Teachers recommend that the child entering kindergarten have the following concepts or skills:
     

     

    Language/Literacy

    Sing and say ABCs
    Exposure to alphabet (identify most upper case letters)
    Recognize first name (orally and visually)
    Discriminate between letters and numbers
    Print first name with and without a model (first letter capitalized and remaining letters are lower case)
    Print experiences (knows print is read and is organized from left to right and top to bottom; notices/recognizes "environmental print" such as Burger King, Giant, MacDonald's)
    Write in various ways: e.g.  - drawing, scribbling, letter-like forms, “invented” spelling, conventional forms
    Listen to a story attentively without interrupting
    Identify characters, objects, actions in book
    Hold/handle a book
    Speak in complete sentences
    Use new vocabulary to express and describe feelings and ideas
    Discriminate similarities and differences in sounds
    Identify beginning sounds in words
    Understand opposites (hot/cold; slow/fast)
    Understand and demonstrate positional words (over, under, in, out, behind, in front, up down, next to)
    Exposure to rhyming (say/recall simple nursery rhymes)
     

    Math

    Identify the numerals 1-10
    Count to 20
    Count a group of 3-5 objects (1:1 correspondence)
    Understand comparison words (longer, shorter, more, fewer, same)
    Name basic shapes - square, circle, triangle, rectangle, oval, rhombus (diamond)
    Sort and classify objects according to one or two attributes (color, size, shape, texture)
    Identify and extend simple patterns (red, blue, red, blue)
     

    Science

    Identify nine basic colors (red, blue, green, yellow, orange, white, black, brown, purple)
    Identify body parts that correspond with the five senses (eyes, nose, ear, mouth, fingers/hand)
    Make observations of change over time (people, animals, plants, matter)
     

     

    Social Science

    Identify way in which people are alike and different
    Develop an awareness of the kinds of work people do
     

    Motor Skills

    Use correct pencil grasp (crayons, markers)
    Use scissors properly (hold correctly and cut in a straight line)
    Able to complete an interlocking puzzle
    Demonstrate basic locomotor skills (running, hopping, jumping, galloping)
    Throw and catch a beanbag
    Kick a ball
    Maintain balance on a line
     

    Social/Self-Help Skills

    Say first and last name
    Operate backpack brought to school
    Put on jacket/coat and fasten properly (button/ zip)
    Recognize personal space (keep hands and feet to oneself)
    Respect and show concern for people and things
    Express bathroom needs/know how to properly use the bathroom
    Able to wash hands
    Able to put toys away
    Listen and follow directions (one-step and two-step)
    Follow classroom rules and classroom routine independently
    Know how to line up and walk in line
    Able to separate from parent
    Able to carry on a conversation with others (another child, friend, adult) and take turns in the conversation
    Play, share,  and take turns cooperatively with other children
    Work well in groups
    Express feeling through appropriate gestures, actions, and words
    Begin and complete activities in a reasonable time
    Attend to task for 10 minutes