• Developing Foreign Language Study Skills

     

    Vocabulary

    §         Use each new word in a sentence.

    §         Say the words out loud while studying.

    §         Tape record the words and then listen to them.

    §         Fold a page in half, write the words on one side, the definition or a synonym on the other.

    §         Make use of the words as much as possible.

    §         Make use of visual imagery (mental images) whenever possible.

     

    Spelling

    • Take notice of accented words. (The use of accents needs to be stressed, because without it the word could have a different meaning.)
    • Learn the sounds of the letters in the alphabet. Some foreign languages are phonetic (meaning the words are spelled the way they sound). Ex. Spanish. 

    Grammar

    • Review the reading; look for examples of new grammar.
    • Try to use the form while practicing vocabulary.
    • Try to identify the forms you already know.
    • Use the new forms in written and spoken examples.
    • Practice by making up your own examples. 

    Reading and Listening

    • Get the general idea of the selection by reading through it before using the dictionary. .
    • Avoid translating; try to get your native language out of your mind.
    • Read aloud. This will help to pronounce unfamiliar words and remember them.
    • Look for familiar words or roots of words.
    • Only use the dictionary as a last resort. Try to understand the words in their context.
    • Look for nonverbal cues.
    • If you don't know a word, continue listening or reading; don't panic and miss the end of the statement.

    Speaking

    • You won't be able to say as much in the foreign language as in English. Don't worry about sounding simplistic.
    • Don't worry about the grammar; focus on getting your meaning across.
    • Force yourself to talk and think to yourself in the foreign language.
    • Whenever there's an opportunity speak to your friends or native speakers in the foreign language.

    General

    • Write everyday.
    • Do self-tests.
    • Highlight the key points of every chapter.            .
    • Create lists and study sheets; use devices like rhyming and association to help you remember.
    • Carefully listen to everything that happens during class. Mentally try to answer all the questions asked.             

    Homework

    • Carefully review the work of the day.
    • Review previous work.
    • Self test in writing the examples of that day.
    Your best resource is your teacher, so use it!