In German I, students begin to develop communicative competence in German and expand their understanding of the culture(s) of German-speaking countries. Communicative competence is divided into three strands:
· Speaking and writing as an interactive process in which students learn to communicate with another German speaker
· Listening and reading as a receptive process in which students develop comprehension of German
· Speaking and writing in a presentational context in which students focus on organization of thoughts and awareness of their audience in delivering information.
In level I German classes, students learn to communicate in real-life contexts about topics that are meaningful to them. To develop students’ communicative competence, emphasis is placed on use of German in the classroom and on use of authentic materials to learn about the culture. Rather than isolating grammar in a separate strand, it is integrated into instruction according to the vocabulary and structures needed in the various situations in which students are required to function. Through the language learning process, students develop a greater understanding of the structure of their own language and the unique aspects of their own culture. An important component of learning German is using the language in the real world beyond the classroom setting. This can be accomplished in a number of ways through integration of technology into the classroom, as technology is an important means of accessing authentic information in German and in providing students the opportunity to interact with native German speakers.
GI.1 The student will exchange simple spoken and written information in German.
1. Use basic greetings, farewells, and expressions of courtesy both orally and in writing.
2. Express likes and dislikes, requests, descriptions, and directions.
3. Ask questions and provide responses about self and other familiar topics, such as family members, personal belongings, school and leisure activities, time, and weather.
GI.2 The student will demonstrate skills necessary to sustain brief oral and written exchanges in German, using familiar phrases and sentences.
1. Initiate, sustain, and close brief oral and written exchanges with emphasis on the present time.
2. Use formal and informal forms of address in familiar situations.
3. Use gestures and simple paraphrasing to convey and comprehend messages.
Listening and Reading for Understanding
GI.3 The student will understand simple spoken and written German presented through a variety of media and based on familiar topics.
1. Identify main ideas and some details when listening and reading.
2. Comprehend simple, culturally authentic oral and written materials, such as announcements, messages, and advertisements that use familiar vocabulary and grammatical structures.
3. Follow simple instructions, such as those about classroom procedures or for using computers and other classroom technology.
GI.4 The student will use verbal and nonverbal cues to understand simple spoken and written messages in German.
1. Differentiate among statements, questions, and exclamations.
2. Use basic gestures, body language, and intonation to clarify the message.
Oral and Written Presentation
GI.5 The student will present information orally and in writing in German, using a variety of familiar vocabulary, phrases, and structural patterns.
1. Present information gathered from informal conversations, class presentations, interviews, readings, and/or a variety of media sources.
2. Describe basic information about such topics as self, family members and others, events, interests, school, recreational activities, and personal belongings with emphasis on control of the present tense.
3. Demonstrate increasing attention to accurate intonation and pronunciation, especially when presenting prepared material orally.
4. Demonstrate increasing attention to accurate word order, punctuation, accents and other diacritical marks, and spelling when writing.
GI.6 The student will present rehearsed material in German, including brief narratives, monologues, dialogues, poetry, and/or songs.
1. Use appropriate verbal and nonverbal techniques, such as voice inflection, gestures, and facial expressions.
2. Communicate ideas in an organized manner, using appropriate visual and/or technological support.
Cultural Perspectives, Practices, and Products
GI.7 The student will develop an awareness of perspectives, practices, and products of German-speaking cultures.
1. Identify some viewpoints of German-speaking cultures, such as those relating to time, education, transportation, and the roles of family members.
2. Identify some customs and traditions of German-speaking cultures, such as greetings, celebrations, holiday practices, and forms of address that demonstrate politeness.
3. Identify some important historical and contemporary individuals associated with significant events from German-speaking cultures.
4. Identify some products of German-speaking cultures, such as natural and manufactured items, creative and fine arts, forms of recreation and pastimes, dwellings, language, and symbols.
GI.8 The student will recognize that perspectives, practices, and products of German-speaking cultures are interrelated.
1. Recognize that the viewpoints, customs and traditions, and products of German speakers, such as the concepts of Schultüte, Stammtisch, family celebrations, and typical foods, shape German-speaking cultures.
2. Identify major cities and geographical features in German-speaking countries and the reasons they are significant in the cultures of those countries.
Making Connections through Language
GI.9 The student will connect information about the German language and German-speaking culture(s) with concepts studied in other subject areas.
1. Give examples of the use of German vocabulary, phrases, proverbs, and symbols in other subject areas.
2. Relate content from other subject areas to topics discussed in German class, such as current events from German-speaking countries or the influence of German-speaking settlers on various regions of the United States.
Cultural and Linguistic Comparisons
GI.10 The student will demonstrate understanding of the significance of culture through comparisons between German-speaking cultures and the cultures of the United States.
1. Compare patterns of behavior and interaction found in the United States with those of German-speaking societies.
2. Demonstrate an awareness that social practices and personal interactions differ among cultures.
3. Demonstrate an awareness of unique elements of the student’s own culture.
GI.11 The student will compare basic elements of the German language to those of the English language.
1. Recognize cognates, genders, level-appropriate idioms, and differences in sound systems and writing systems.
2. Recognize basic sound distinctions and intonation patterns and their effect on the communication of meaning.
Communication across Communities
GI.12 The student will explore situations in which to apply German language skills and cultural knowledge beyond the classroom setting for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.
1. Present examples of the German language and the cultures of German-speaking countries evident in and through media, entertainment, and technology.
2. Use resources, such as individuals and organizations in the community or accessible through the Internet, to gain information about the German-speaking world.