• Lesson 8:  What Were the Articles of Confederation, and Why Did Some Founder Want to Change Them?

    Vocab:  Articles of Confederation    confederation       Shays’ Rebellion

    1.     Why didn’t the Articles of Confederation create a strong central government?

    2.     What were some achievements of the national government under the Articles of Confederation?

    3.     What were some of the weaknesses under the Articles of Confederation?

    4.     What was Shay’s Rebellion and why did it occur?  What is the historical importance?

    5.     What were the pros and cons of the limited national government?  Which group was satisfied with limited government under the Articles of Confederation and why?

    6.     What problems could arise if each state was allowed to print its own money?

    7.     What were the consequences of the weakness of the central government under the Articles of Confederation?

    8.     Why weren’t the protections of loyalists in the Treaty of Paris enforced by the national gov’t under the Articles of Confederation?

    Lesson 10:  Why was Representation a Major Issue at the Philadelphia Convention?

    Vocab:   Great Compromise     Three-Fifths Compromise

    1.     What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Virginia and New Jersey plans?

    2.     What were some of the basic elements of the New Jersey Plan presented by William Paterson?

    3.     What was the Great Compromise and what were the key elements?

    4.     What objections did James Madison have to the Great Compromise? 

    5.     What argument arose over the Three-Fifths Compromise?

    6.     Why might some delegates from non-slave states have objected to the slaves states counting slaves for the purpose of representation?

    Lesson 11:  What Questions did the Framers Consider in Designing the Three Branches of National Government?

    Vocab:  deliberative body   Electoral College   enumerated powers    necessary & proper clause  separated clause  shared powers

    1.     What might be the strengths and weaknesses of a government with separated branches?

    2.     Should the president be limited to two terms in office?  Why/Why Not?

    3.     Why is the White House a modest building relative to palaces of heads of states in many other countries?

    4.     Should judges be independent of politics?  Why/Why Not?

    5.     Should the composition of the Supreme Court be required to reflect the political, economic, racial, ethnic, and geographical and gender diversity of our country?  Why/Why Not?

    6.     Should the constitution be amended to require judges to retire at a specific age or after a certain number of years as a judge?

    7.     What is the Electoral College and why did the delegates decide to create it?


    Lesson 12:  How did the Delegates distribute powers between national and state governments?

    Vocab:   bill of attainder    supremacy clause   tariff   secede    ex post facto

    1.      What section of the Constitution gave President Eisenhower the authority to order troops to Little Rock, Ark. To enforce desegregation legislation?

    2.     Why do you think the Constitution prohibits Congress from imposing religious tests on people nominated for public office?

    3.     Why do you think Constitution prohibits states from coining their own money?

    4.     Why do you think the Constitution prohibits state governments from entering into treaties with other nations?

    5.     What provisions of the Constitution protected slavery?

    6.     How would you respond to the arguments of leaders from slave states such as John C. Calhoun, who believed states should be able to declare federal laws null and void if they thought they were unconstitutional?

    7.     What is the supremacy clause?  Why is it important?

    8.     How did delegates at the Philadelphia Convention deal with the issue of slavery?


    Lesson 13:  What was the Anti-Federalist position in the debate about Ratification?


    Vocab:  Anti-Federalists     bill of rights     ratification


    1.      Why do you think Madison suggested having the Constitution ratified by the people in special conventions instead of by state legislatures?

    2.     What objections to the Constitution were held by such Anti-Federalists as Mercy Otis Warren?

    3.     What principles of classical republicanism did Anti-Federalists such as Richard Henry Lee think would be endangered by the new government created by the Constitution?

    4.     What arguments did the Anti-Federalists make for including a bill of rights in the Constitution?

    5.     Do you agree with the Anti-Federalist position that people living in agrarian communities are more likely to possess republican civic virtue?  Why/Why not?


    Lesson 14:  What was the Federalist Position in the Debate About Ratification?


    Vocab:  faction   Federalists    The Federalist     majority tyranny     “new science of politics”


    1.      What was the purpose of the essays contained in The Federalists?

    2.     What were some of the main arguments for and against the ratification of the Constitution?

    3.     What arguments did Alexander Hamilton make against adding a bill of rights to the Constitution?

    4.     What strategies did the Federalists employ to win the struggle for ratification of the Constitution?

    5.     What is The Federalist and why was it written?

    Why did Providence, Rhode Island threaten to leave
Last Modified on September 29, 2011