Reading Instruction

    The elementary reading program provides instruction in the five components of reading – Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, and Comprehension.  Time is provided for students to be engaged in independent reading.  Instruction is provided using a balanced or “comprehensive” literacy approach.


    Balanced Literacy - Balanced or “comprehensive” literacy instruction respects and addresses the needs of all learners, views teachers as informed decision-makers, is flexible, and is research-based.  A balanced literacy approach to instruction provides students with daily opportunities to engage in various reading and writing activities to help them communicate more effectively. 


    In a balanced literacy framework, students participate in read alouds, shared reading, interactive reading, guided reading, and independent reading.  In addition, they engage in modeled writing, shared writing, interactive writing, guided writing, and independent writing. For purposes of this website, only the reading strand is addressed.


    Explicit Instruction: Explicit reading instruction means that the teacher shows learners how readers think as they read. The teacher must model the strategy, provide students with guided practice using the strategy, provide for independent use of the strategy, and ensure that students apply strategies as they read. LCPS expects a minimum of 60 minutes of explicit instruction in reading every day in elementary classes.