Reading Instruction

    The elementary reading program provides instruction in the five components of reading – Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Fluency, Vocabulary, and Comprehension.  Time is provided for students to be engaged in independent reading.  Instruction is provided using a balanced or “comprehensive” literacy approach.


    Comprehensive Literacy - Comprehensive literacy instruction respects and addresses the needs of all learners, views teachers as informed decision-makers, is flexible, and is research-based.  A comprehensive literacy approach to instruction provides students with daily opportunities to engage in various reading and writing activities to help them communicate more effectively. 


    Students participate in read alouds, shared reading, reading minilessons, small group instruction (guided reading &/or strategy groups), and independent reading.  Students participate in writing workshop and small group writing instruction as well.  In addition, students engage in phonological awareness lessons (K&1), phonics instruction (K-2), and word study.


    Explicit Instruction: Explicit reading instruction means that the teacher shows learners how readers think as they read. The teacher must model the strategy, provide students with guided practice using the strategy, provide for independent use of the strategy, and ensure that students apply strategies as they read. LCPS expects a minimum of 60 minutes of explicit instruction in reading every day in elementary classes.