Overall Standards of Learning for the whole Kindergarten Year


    Units and Themes:


                The Kindergarten Team teaches all of the required Standards of Learning through thematic units throughout the school year.  Each theme typically will take about 2 weeks and the children will be learning not only their reading, writing and math, but also about the specific science, social studies and health content as well.  Art projects, hands-on activities, stories and songs will all revolve around the current theme.


    Some theme examples are:  Apples, Pumpkins, Fall Trees, Thanksgiving, Animals in Winter, Holidays Around the World,  Arctic Animals, Water Cycle, Magnets, Our Community, Mapping  Around the World, Taking Care of the Earth and Spring Flowers.



    Social Skills:


                * Cooperate with others

                *  Feel secure and happy in school

                *  Exhibit self control

                *  Assume responsibility

                *  Work independently

                *  Display an understanding of classroom rules

                *  Display respect for others and school property


    Motor Skills:


                *  Display coordination when running, hopping, and galloping

                *  Display control when using crayons, scissors, pencils, and brushes

                *  Show ability to zip, button, and tie





    Special Note:  Social Skills and Motor Skills are assessed for the purpose of the Loudoun County Report Card.  These skills are not a part of the State SOL ‘s.  Therefore, there are not SOL numbers listed with them.



    English and Language Arts


    *  The student will demonstrate growth in the use of oral language.  (K.1)


    *  The student will use listening and speaking vocabularies.  (K.2)

                - Begin to ask how and why questions.


    *  The student will build oral communication skills.  (K.3)


    *  The student will hear, say, and manipulate phonemes (small units of sound) of spoken  language.  (K.4) - Divide words into syllables.


    *  The student will understand how print is organized.  (K.5)


    *  The student will demonstrate an understanding that print makes sense.  (K.6)


    *  The student will develop an understanding of basic phonetic principles.  (K.7)

    • Identify and name the uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
    • Match consonant and short vowel sounds to appropriate letters.
    • Identify beginning consonant sounds in single-syllable words.


    *  The student will demonstrate comprehension of fiction and nonfiction.  (K.8)

                - Identify the topics of nonfiction selections.



    K.1   The student will tell how many are in a given set of 20 or fewer objects by counting orally; and read, write, and represent numbers from 0 through 20.

    K.2    The student, given no more than three sets, each set containing 10 or fewer concrete objects, will compare and describe one set as having more, fewer, or the same number of objects as the other set(s); and compare and order sets from least to greatest and greatest to least. 

    K.3  The student will count forward orally by ones and tens from 0 to 100; and identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 0 and100 and identify the number before, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.

    K.4   The student will recognize and describe with fluency part-whole relationships for numbers up to 5; and investigate and describe part-whole relationships for numbers up to 10.

    K.5   The student will investigate fractions by representing and solving practical problems involving equal sharing with two sharers.

    K.6  The student will model and solve single-step story and picture problems with sums to 10 and differences within 10, using concrete objects.

    K.7  The student will recognize the attributes of a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter and identify the number of pennies equivalent to a nickel, a dime, and a quarter.

    K.8  The student will investigate the passage of time by reading and interpreting a calendar.

    K.9 The student will compare two objects or events, using direct comparisons, according to one or more of the following attributes: length (longer, shorter), height (taller, shorter), weight (heavier, lighter), temperature (hotter, colder), volume (more, less), and time (longer, shorter).

    K.10    The student will identify and describe plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle); compare the size (smaller, larger) and shape of plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle); and describe the location of one object relative to another (above, below, next to) and identify representations of plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle) regardless of their positions and orientations in space.

    K.11 The student will collect, organize, and represent data; and read and interpret data in object graphs, picture graphs, and tables.

    K.12 The student will sort and classify objects according to one attribute.

    K.13 The student will identify, describe, extend, create, and transfer repeating patterns.


    Social Studies


    The student will recognize that history describes events and people of other times and places. (K.1)

    The student will describe everyday life in the present and in the past and begin to recognize that things change over time. (K.2)

    The student will describe the relative location of people, places, and things by using positional words, with emphasis on near/far, above/below, left/right, and behind/in front. (K.3)

    The student will use simple maps and globes to develop an awareness that a map is a drawing of a place to show where things are located and that a globe is a round model of the Earth; describe places referenced in stories and real-life situations; locate land and water features. (K.4)

    The student will develop an awareness that maps and globes show a view from above; show things in smaller size; show the position of objects. (K.5)

    The student will match simple descriptions of work that people do with the names of those jobs.(K.6)

    The student willrecognize that people make choices because they cannot have everything they want; explain that people work to earn money to buy the things they want. (K.7)

    The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involves 

    • taking turns and sharing; taking responsibility for certain classroom chores; 
    • taking care of personal belongings and respecting what belongs to others; 
    • following rules and understanding the consequence of breaking rules;
    • practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others;
    • participating in decision making in the classroom;
    • participating successfully in group settings. (K.8)

    The student will recognize the American flag, the Pledge of Allegiance, and that the President is the leader of the United States.  (K.9)




    *  The student will investigate and understand that humans have senses that allow one to seek, find, take in, and react or respond to information in order to learn about one’s surroundings (the five senses).  (K.2)


    *  The student will investigate and understand that magnets have an effect on some materials, make some things move without touching them, and have useful applications.  (K.3)


    *  The student will investigate and understand that water flows and has properties that can be observed and tested.  (K.5)


    *  The student will investigate and understand basic needs and life processes of plants and animals.  (K.6)


    *  The student will investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her daily life:  weather; shapes and forms of seeds, cones, and leaves; animal and plant growth; and home and school routines.  (K.8)


    *  The student will investigate and understand that change occurs over time, and rates may be fast or slow.  (K.9)


    *  The student will investigate and understand that materials can be reused, recycled, and conserved.  (K.10)






Last Modified on September 4, 2018