• Mathematics

    Number and Number Sense

    Focus: Place Value and Fractions

    3.1           The student will

    a)   read and write six-digit numerals and identify the place value and value of each digit;

    b)   round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand; and

    c)   compare two whole numbers between 0 and 9,999, using symbols (>, <, or = ) and words (greater than, less than, or equal to).

    3.2           The student will recognize and use the inverse relationships between addition/subtraction and multiplication/division to complete basic fact sentences. The student will use these relationships to solve problems.

    3.3           The student will

    a)   name and write fractions (including mixed numbers) represented by a model;

    b)   model fractions (including mixed numbers) and write the fractions’ names; and

    c)   compare fractions having like and unlike denominators, using words and symbols
    (>, <, or =).

    Computation and Estimation

    Focus: Computation and Fraction Operations

    3.4           The student will estimate solutions to and solve single-step and multistep problems involving the sum or difference of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less, with or without regrouping.

    3.5           The student will recall multiplication facts through the twelves table, and the corresponding division facts.

    3.6           The student will represent multiplication and division, using area, set, and number line models, and create and solve problems that involve multiplication of two whole numbers, one factor 99 or less and the second factor 5 or less.

    3.7           The student will add and subtract proper fractions having like denominators of 12 or less.


    Focus: U.S. Customary and Metric Units, Area and Perimeter, and Time

    3.8           The student will determine, by counting, the value of a collection of bills and coins whose total value is $5.00 or less, compare the value of the bills and coins, and make change.

    3.9           The student will estimate and use U.S. Customary and metric units to measure

    a)   length to the nearest -inch, inch, foot, yard, centimeter, and meter;

    b)   liquid volume in cups, pints, quarts, gallons, and liters;

    c)   weight/mass in ounces, pounds, grams, and kilograms; and

    d)   area and perimeter.

    3.10         The student will

    a)   measure the distance around a polygon in order to determine perimeter; and

    b)   count the number of square units needed to cover a given surface in order to determine area.

    3.11         The student will

    a)   tell time to the nearest minute, using analog and digital clocks; and

    b)   determine elapsed time in one-hour increments over a 12-hour period.

    3.12         The student will identify equivalent periods of time, including relationships among days, months, and years, as well as minutes and hours.

    3.13         The student will read temperature to the nearest degree from a Celsius thermometer and a Fahrenheit thermometer. Real thermometers and physical models of thermometers will be used.


    Focus: Properties and Congruence Characteristics of Plane and Solid Figures

    3.14         The student will identify, describe, compare, and contrast characteristics of plane and solid geometric figures (circle, square, rectangle, triangle, cube, rectangular prism, square pyramid, sphere, cone, and cylinder) by identifying relevant characteristics, including the number of angles, vertices, and edges, and the number and shape of faces, using concrete models.

    3.15         The student will identify and draw representations of points, line segments, rays, angles, and lines.

    3.16         The student will identify and describe congruent and noncongruent plane figures.

    Probability and Statistics

    Focus: Applications of Data and Chance

    3.17         The student will

    a)   collect and organize data, using observations, measurements, surveys, or experiments;

    b)   construct a line plot, a picture graph, or a bar graph to represent the data; and

    c)   read and interpret the data represented in line plots, bar graphs, and picture graphs and write a sentence analyzing the data.

    3.18         The student will investigate and describe the concept of probability as chance and list possible results of a given situation.

    Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

    Focus: Patterns and Property Concepts

    3.19         The student will recognize and describe a variety of patterns formed using numbers, tables, and pictures, and extend the patterns, using the same or different forms.

    3.20         The student will

    a)   investigate the identity and the commutative properties for addition and multiplication; and

    b)   identify examples of the identity and commutative properties for addition and multiplication.



    Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic

    3.1       The student will plan and conduct investigations in which

    a)      predictions and observations are made;

    b)     objects with similar characteristics are classified into at least two sets and two subsets;

    c)      questions are developed to formulate hypotheses;

    d)     volume is measured to the nearest milliliter and liter;

    e)      length is measured to the nearest centimeter;

    f)      mass is measured to the nearest gram;

    g)     data are gathered, charted, and graphed (line plot, picture graph, and bar graph);

    h)     temperature is measured to the nearest degree Celsius;

    i)       time is measured to the nearest minute;

    j)       inferences are made and conclusions are drawn; and

    k)     natural events are sequenced chronologically.


    Force, Motion, and Energy

    3.2       The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their uses. Key concepts include

    a)      types of simple machines (lever, screw, pulley, wheel and axle, inclined plane, and wedge);

    b)     how simple machines function;

    c)      compound machines (scissors, wheelbarrow, and bicycle); and

    d)     examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environment.



    3.3       The student will investigate and understand that objects are made of materials that can be described by their physical properties. Key concepts include

    a)      objects are made of one or more materials;

    b)     materials are composed of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification; and

    c)      physical properties remain the same as the material is reduced in size.


    Life Processes

    3.4       The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs. Key concepts include

    a)      methods of gathering and storing food, finding shelter, defending themselves, and rearing young; and

    b)     hibernation, migration, camouflage, mimicry, instinct, and learned behavior.


    Living Systems

    3.5       The student will investigate and understand relationships among organisms in aquatic and terrestrial food chains. Key concepts include

    a)      producer, consumer, decomposer;

    b)     herbivore, carnivore, omnivore; and

    c)      predator and prey.


    3.6       The student will investigate and understand that environments support a diversity of plants and animals that share limited resources. Key concepts include

    a)      water-related environments (pond, marshland, swamp, stream, river, and ocean environments);

    b)     dry-land environments (desert, grassland, rain forest, and forest environments); and

    c)      population and community.


    Interrelationships in Earth/Space Systems

    3.7       The student will investigate and understand the major components of soil, its origin, and importance to plants and animals including humans. Key concepts include

    a)      soil provides the support and nutrients necessary for plant growth;

    b)     topsoil is a natural product of subsoil and bedrock;

    c)      rock, clay, silt, sand, and humus are components of soils; and

    d)     soil is a natural resource and should be conserved.


    Earth Patterns, Cycles, and Change

    3.8       The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles occurring in nature. Key concepts include

    a)      patterns of natural events (day and night, seasonal changes, phases of the moon, and tides); and

    b)     animal and plant life cycles.


    3.9       The student will investigate and understand the water cycle and its relationship to life on Earth. Key concepts include

    a)      the energy from the sun drives the water cycle;

    b)     processes involved in the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, precipitation);

    c)      water is essential for living things; and

    d)     water supply and water conservation.



    3.10      The student will investigate and understand that natural events and human influences can affect the survival of species. Key concepts include

    a)      the interdependency of plants and animals;

    b)     the effects of human activity on the quality of air, water, and habitat;

    c)      the effects of fire, flood, disease, and erosion on organisms; and

    d)     conservation and resource renewal.


    3.11      The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy. Key concepts include

    a)      the sun’s ability to produce light and heat energy;

    b)     sources of energy (sunlight, water, wind);

    c)      fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and wood; and

    d)     renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.



    Oral Language


    3.1             The student will use effective communication skills in group activities.

    a)   Listen attentively by making eye contact, facing the speaker, asking questions, and summarizing what is said.

    b)   Ask and respond to questions from teachers and other group members.

    c)   Explain what has been learned.

    d)   Use language appropriate for context.

    e)   Increase listening and speaking vocabularies.


    3.2             The student will present brief oral reports using visual media.

    a)   Speak clearly.

    b)   Use appropriate volume and pitch.

    c)   Speak at an understandable rate.

    d)   Organize ideas sequentially or around major points of information.

    e)   Use contextually appropriate language and specific vocabulary to communicate ideas.


    3.3             The student will apply word-analysis skills when reading.

    a)   Use knowledge of regular and irregular vowel patterns.

    b)   Decode regular multisyllabic words.

    3.4             The student will expand vocabulary when reading.

    a)   Use knowledge of homophones.

    b)   Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms.

    c)   Apply meaning clues, language structure, and phonetic strategies.

    d)   Use context to clarify meaning of unfamiliar words.

    e)   Discuss meanings of words and develop vocabulary by listening and reading a variety of texts.

    f)   Use vocabulary from other content areas.

    g)   Use word reference resources including the glossary, dictionary, and thesaurus.


    3.5             The student will read and demonstrate comprehension of fictional text and poetry.

    a)   Set a purpose for reading.

    b)   Make connections between previous experiences and reading selections.

    c)   Make, confirm, or revise predictions.

    d)   Compare and contrast settings, characters, and events.

    e)   Identify the author’s purpose.

    f)   Ask and answer questions about what is read.

    g)   Draw conclusions about text.

    h)   Identify the problem and solution.

    i)    Identify the main idea.

    j)   Identify supporting details.

    k) Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

    l)    Differentiate between fiction and nonfiction.

    m) Read with fluency and accuracy.


    3.6             The student will continue to read and demonstrate comprehension of nonfiction texts.

    a)   Identify the author’s purpose.

    b)   Use prior and background knowledge as context for new learning.

    c)   Preview and use text features.

    d)   Ask and answer questions about what is read.

    e)   Draw conclusions based on text.

    f)   Summarize major points found in nonfiction texts.

    g)   Identify the main idea.

    h)   Identify supporting details.

    i)    Compare and contrast the characteristics of biographies and autobiographies.

    j)   Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

    k) Identify new information gained from reading.

    l)    Read with fluency and accuracy.


    3.7             The student will demonstrate comprehension of information from a variety of print and electronic resources.

    a)   Use encyclopedias and other reference books, including online reference materials.

    b)   Use table of contents, indices, and charts.


    3.8             The student will write legibly in cursive.


    3.9             The student will write for a variety of purposes.

    a)   Identify the intended audience.

    b)   Use a variety of prewriting strategies.

    c)   Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea.

    d)   Write a paragraph on the same topic.

    e)   Use strategies for organization of information and elaboration according to the type of writing.

    f)   Include details that elaborate the main idea.

    g)   Revise writing for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information.

    3.10           The student will edit writing for correct grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

    a)   Use complete sentences.

    b)   Use transition words to vary sentence structure.

    c)   Use the word I in compound subjects.

    d)   Use past and present verb tense.

    e)   Use singular possessives.

    f)   Use commas in a simple series.

    g)   Use simple abbreviations.

    h)   Use apostrophes in contractions with pronouns and in possessives.

     i)   Use the articles a, an, and the correctly.

     j) Use correct spelling for frequently used sight words, including irregular plurals.


    3.11           The student will write a short report.

    a)   Construct questions about the topic.

    b)   Identify appropriate resources.

    c)   Collect and organize information about the topic into a short report.

    d)   Understand the difference between plagiarism and using own words. 

    3.12           The student will use available technology for reading and writing.


    History and Social Science


    3.1           The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced the present world in terms of architecture, government (direct and representative democracy), and sports.

    3.2           The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describing its oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade).

    3.3           The student will study the exploration of the Americas by

    a)   describing the accomplishments of Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de León, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport;

    b)   identifying the reasons for exploring, the information gained, the results of the travels, and the impact of the travels on American Indians



    3.4           The student will develop map skills by

    a)   locating Greece, Rome, and West Africa;

    b)   describing the physical and human characteristics of Greece, Rome, and West Africa;

    c)   explaining how the people of Greece, Rome, and West Africa adapted to and/or changed their environment to meet their needs.

    3.5           The student will develop map skills by

    a)   positioning and labeling the seven continents and five

    oceans to create a world map;

    b)   using the equator and prime meridian to identify the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western


    c)   locating the countries of Spain, England, and France;

    d)   locating the regions in the Americas explored by Christopher Columbus (San Salvador in the Bahamas), Juan Ponce de León (near St. Augustine, Florida), Jacques Cartier (near Quebec, Canada), and Christopher Newport (Jamestown, Virginia);

    e)   locating specific places, using

    a simple letter-number grid system.

    3.6           The student will read and construct maps, tables, graphs, and/or charts.


    3.7           The student will explain how producers in ancient Greece, Rome, and the West African empire of Mali used natural resources, human resources, and capital resources in the production of goods and services.

    3.8           The student will recognize that because people and regions cannot produce everything they want, they specialize in what they do best and trade for the rest.

    3.9           The student will identify examples of making an economic choice and will explain

    the idea of opportunity cost (what is given up when making a choice).


    3.10         The student will recognize the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States of America by

    a)   explaining the purpose of rules and laws;

    b)   explaining that the basic purposes of government are to make laws, carry out laws, and decide if laws have been broken;

    c)   explaining that government protects the rights and property of individuals.

    3.11         The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of a republican form of government by

    a)   describing the individual rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and equality under the law;

    b)   identifying the contributions of George Washington; Thomas Jefferson; Abraham Lincoln; Rosa Parks; Thurgood Marshall; Martin Luther King, Jr.; and Cesar Chavez;

    c)   recognizing that Veterans Day and Memorial Day honor people who have served to protect the country’s freedoms,

    d)   describing how people can serve the community, state, and nation.

    3.12         The student will recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of a republican form of government and respect for individual rights and freedoms.

    Last Updated 11/9/13