5 Components of Physical Fitness
A closer look at the individual components:
- Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the needed oxygen and fuel to the body during sustained workloads. Examples would be jogging, cycling and swimming. The PACER is used most often to test cardiovascular endurance.
- Muscular strength is the amount of force a muscle can produce. Lifting something very heavy less than 8 times. Examples would be the bench press or leg squat.
- Muscular endurance is the ability of the muscles to perform continuous without fatiguing (more than 8 repititions). Examples would be push ups or curl up test.
- Flexibility is the ability of each joint to move through the available range of motion for a specific joint. Examples would be stretching individual muscles or the ability to perform certain functional movements such as the lunge. The shoulder strech and the trunk lift test is most often used to test flexibility.
- Body composition is the amount of fat mass compared to lean muscle mass, bone and organs. This can be measured using underwater weighing, Skinfold readings, and bioelectrical impedance. Underwater weighing is considered the “gold standard” for body fat measurement, however because of the size and expense of the equipment needed very few places are set up to do this kind of measurement. *We rarely discuss BC at the elementary level.