Students will demonstrate mastery of musical skills and concepts at levels of increasing difficulty. They will learn to participate in music as a musician through singing, playing instruments, improvising, composing, and moving to music. Students will participate in all aspects of music performance, demonstrating appropriate use of related materials, equipment, methods, and technologies.
Music History and Cultural Context:
Students will understand aspects of music history and ways in which music fits into culture. They will become familiar with the distinctive musical characteristics of music that delineate major historical periods of music and will identify the compositional techniques employed in many styles of music. Students will examine the interrelationships among current events, developing technologies, and music in society.
Analysis, Evaluation, and Critique:
Students will listen to, respond to, reflect on, analyze, interpret, evaluate, and critique music. They will articulate objective evaluations of musical works by analyzing creative musical elements and production as a whole. Students will be guided in the development of criteria to be used for making informed artistic judgments about music as well as the other arts and for evaluating the roles of music in society. They will apply these processes when creating and evaluating their own musical works.
Students will reflect on the sensory, emotional, and intellectual qualities of music. They will examine various cultural perspectives and factors that shape aesthetic responses to music. By experiencing and evaluating musical compositions and performances, students will have the opportunity to understand meaning in music and recognize the contribution music makes to the enrichment of the human experience.
Music Standards of Learning:
Kindergarten General Music:
The standards for Kindergarten General Music serve as the foundation for further music instruction. Students are introduced to basic musical concepts through singing, playing instruments, listening, and moving. Emphasis is placed on beginning to obtain musical knowledge, skills, and understanding as performers, composers, and listeners. Students investigate personal feelings and preferences evoked by musical experiences.
K.1 The student will read music, including high and low pitches and rhythms represented by traditional or nontraditional notations.
K.2 The student will investigate various uses of the voice by
1. demonstrating the difference between the singing voice and the speaking voice;
2. matching pitches within an appropriate range; and
3. demonstrating expressive qualities of music, including loud/soft and fast/slow.
K.3 The student will sing a variety of songs of limited range alone and with others, including
1. singing two-pitch (sol, mi) songs, using echo and ensemble singing; and
2. singing at the appropriate time following a musical introduction.
K.4 The student will play a variety of pitched and nonpitched instruments alone and with others, including
1. demonstrating high and low;
2. demonstrating loud/soft and fast/slow; and
3. accompanying songs and chants, using body percussion as well as instruments.
K.5 The student will perform rhythmic patterns that include sounds and silences, using instruments, body percussion, and voice.
K.6 The student will demonstrate a steady beat, using body percussion, instruments, and voice.
K.7 The student will respond to music with movement, including
1. matching locomotor and nonlocomotor movements to rhythmic patterns;
2. demonstrating expressive qualities of music, including loud/soft and fast/slow;
3. illustrating moods and contrast in music and children’s literature;
4. performing dances and other music activities from various cultures; and
5. exhibiting respect for the personal space of others when moving.
K.8 The student will create music by
1. improvising simple melodic or rhythmic patterns; and
2. improvising to enhance stories and poems.
Music History and Cultural Context
K.9 The student will explore historical and cultural aspects of music by
1. listening to and recognizing patriotic and seasonal songs; and
2. identifying people who make music as musicians (e.g., singers, instrumentalists, composers, conductors).
Music Standards of Learning
K.10 The student will participate in music activities that involve sharing, taking turns, and other behaviors that demonstrate good citizenship.
K.11 The student will recognize the relationships between music and other fields of knowledge.
Analysis, Evaluation, and Critique
K.12 The student will analyze music by
1. distinguishing among men’s, women’s, and children’s voices;
2. identifying selected instruments visually and aurally;
3. classifying sound sources as vocal, instrumental, or environmental; and
4. recognizing basic contrasts in music, including fast/slow, high/low, loud/soft, and same/different.
K.13 The student will express personal feelings evoked by a musical experience.
K.14 The student will communicate personal response to expressive features of music through movement.