• Check the LCPS Program of Studies for updated information. PFHS may have additional requirements for certain course - check with guidance. 
     
    Project Management 827000 Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1 
    This course is designed to equip students with personal and group leadership skills. Course content includes units in principles of leadership, parliamentary law, speaking in public, developing effective communications and human relations skills, and developing positive public relations. School and community leadership opportunities are used to provide practical application of the course content. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
    Introduction to Early Childhood Education
    844003 Grade(s): 9-11 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: None
    Students focus on careers related to the early childhood field through hands-on experiences, including an overview of principles of child growth and development; appreciation of diversity; engaging learning experiences for children; principles of appropriate and effective guidance; healthy and safe environments; and development of self-concepts and building self-efficacy. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
    Early Childhood Education I
    844100 Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 2 Prerequisite: Human Development SEM or Intro to Early Childhood Education, recommended; TB test, required
    This is a hybrid course that involves traditional face-to-face learning and virtual/online learning through Schoology. Students prepare to be primary providers of home-, family-, or institution-based child care services by focusing on the planning, organizing, and conducting of meaningful play and learning activities; child monitoring and supervision; record keeping; and referral procedures. Critical thinking, practical problem solving and entrepreneurship opportunities within the field of early childhood education are emphasized. Practical experiences, (e.g., on-site lab, local daycare centers, elementary schools, other institutions) under the supervision of the instructor are required. Students also prepare for continuing education leading to careers in early childhood fields (e.g., medical social services and education). Work-based learning methods of instruction are encouraged for this course. Students combine classroom instruction and teacher-approved experiences with continuing supervision in the Early Childhood Education lab during the school year.  This course is a 2 credit course - there are both in class and online expectaions.
     
    Early Childhood Education II
    844200 Grade(s): 11-12 Credit: 2 Prerequisite: Early Childhood Education I; TB test is required
    This is a hybrid course that involves traditional face-to-face learning and virtual/online learning through Schoology. Students focus on occupational skills needed by personnel employed in early childhood related fields such as education, medical/health care, social services, counseling, psychology, and entrepreneurship. Work-based learning experiences (e.g., on-site lab, local daycare centers, elementary schools, other institutions) under the supervision of the instructor are required. Critical thinking, practical problem solving and entrepreneurship opportunities within the field of early childhood education are emphasized. Work-based learning methods of instruction are encouraged for this course. Students combine classroom instruction. Upon successful completion of the course, students will be eligible to take the ParaPro credential exam. This course is a 2 credit course - there are both in class and online expectaions.
     
    Fashion Design & Merchandising
    846700 Grades 9-12
    Credit: 0.5 Prerequisite:None
    Wardrobe planning,selection, color analysis, accessorizing, fashion design, and clothing maintenance are emphasized in the management of personal and family clothing. Fashion trends are analyzed. Based on their abilities and interests,students construct various fashion projects for which students must provide materials.
     
    Gourmet Foods
    845700 Grades 9-12 Credit: 0.5
    Lab Fee: $20
    The application of science concepts in biology, chemistry, and physics are important to the study of foods. Students learn the relationship of science to foods, use of technology, nutrition, wellness,sports nutrition,food safety, and sanitation,time and resource management,foods and cultural diversity, contemporary trends and issues, and the use of the My Plate guide. Hands-on activities in food preparation skills and techniques and in the actual planning, preparation, preservation, and serving of nutritious meals encourage the development of positive interdependence, individual accountability,social skills, and effective group functioning. Students use computers to analyze nutritional content of foods and to plan for special dietary needs. 
     
    Introduction to Culinary Arts
    875101 Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1  
    Lab Fee: $40.00
    The Introduction to Culinary Arts curriculum provides students with opportunities to explore career options and entrepreneurial opportunities within the food service industry. Students investigate food safety and sanitation, explore culinary preparation foundations, practice basic culinary skills, explore diverse cuisine and service styles, investigate nutrition and menu development, and examine the economics of food. The curriculum places a strong emphasis on science and mathematics knowledge and skills. This course counts as an elective credit. Should take Gourmet Foods prior to this course. 
      
    Independent Living SEM
    840700 Grade(s): 9-12 Credit: 0.5 Prerequisite: None
    Whether students choose to enter the work force or continue their education after high school, they must acquire the life skills necessary to make the transition to independent living. Students become empowered to make responsible consumer choices by applying decision making, problem solving, and management processes; to see themselves in the roles of making and managing money; to calculate value for food, clothing, and housing dollars; and to apply the resources of time, materials, and technology for successful living. Students interested in Independent Living SEM should also consider Fashion Design & Merchandising SEM, Human Development SEM, Gourmet Foods SEM, or Intro to Housing & Interior Design SEM. This course counts as an elective credit.  
     
     
     Teacher Cadet Program
    Weighted 1.0 844002 Grade 12
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite: 3.0 GPA,three teacher recommendations, a student essay, and an application process, TB test
    The Teacher Cadet Program is designed to attract talented high school students into the teaching profession through a challenging introduction to teaching.The student who completes Teacher Cadet will receive 3 elective credits from Shenandoah University that may be transferred to any college or university. The program seeks to provide these students insight into the nature of teaching,the problems of schooling, and the critical issues affecting the quality of education in America’s schools. Students participate in field experiences in LCPS Grades K-12. Students work with classroom teachers at their chosen grade level of interest. Proof of tuberculosis (TB) testing is required. Students are responsible for getting TB testing prior to the start of the school year. 
     
    Introduction to Business & Marketing
    821000 Grades 9-11
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite:None
    This entry-level course is offered for all students and recommended as an introduction to the career preparation program in Business & Marketing Education. Students explore the role of business and marketing in the free enterprise system and the global economy and apply decision-making skills as consumers, employees, and citizens. Communication and interpersonal skills are developed through various activities.
     
    Marketing  822100 Grades 10-12 Credit: 1
    Prerequisite: Screening Conference with Instructor, Introduction to Business & Marketing (recommended)
    Providing instruction that enables students to hold and succeed in an entry-level job in marketing,the course combines classroom instruction with supervised on-the-job training in a local marketing business. In this year of the program,students concentrate on developing competencies needed by marketing workers in the areas of human relations, communications, advertising, display, operations,sales, and product and service technology. The student is provided with a variety of learning methods including practical activities,simulations, computer activities, guest speakers, and role-playing. Co-op students are expected to stay employed throughout the school year in a teacher-approved, marketing-related job. DECA is an integral part of this course.
     
     
    Advanced Marketing 823100 Grades 11-12 Credit: 1
    Prerequisite: Marketing Co-Op or Marketing Non-Co-Op
    Offering training in pre-management level skills and designed for the student who has a firm career interest in marketing,this course allows students to continue the arrangement of combining classroom instruction with supervised on-the-job training in a local marketing business. Instruction in this year of the program concentrates primarily on the development of competencies in the areas of sales promotion, merchandising, marketing research, and management. Entrepreneurship is an integral part of this class. The student is provided with a variety of learning methods including practical activities,simulations, computer activities, guest speakers, and role-playing. Co-op students are expected to stay employed throughout the school year in a teacher-approved marketing-related job. DECA is an integral part of this course.
     
    Sports, Entertainment,& Recreation Marketing
    821100 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Introduction to Business & Marketing 
    Sports, Entertainment,& Recreation Marketing is a course designed for students with an interest in the sports, entertainment, and recreation industry. This unique and innovative program explores the following areas: an orientation and understanding of the sports, entertainment, and recreation industry;strategic planning; product licensing; dealing with agents and personal managers; examination of concessions and on-site merchandising; market analysis; investigating safety and security procedures; event marketing and execution; and the production of a culminating event and the analysis of the event.DECA is an integral part of this course.
     
     
     
    Introduction to Cybersecurity
    894101 Grade(s): 9-11 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: None
    Cybersecurity affects every individual, organization, and nation. This course focuses on the evolving and all-pervasive technological environment with an emphasis on securing personal, organizational, and national information. Students will be introduced to the principles of cybersecurity, explore emerging technologies, examine threats and protective measures, and investigate the diverse high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand career opportunities in the field of cybersecurity. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
    Cybersecurity Operations
    Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Introduction to Cybersecurity
    Cybersecurity Software Operations is designed to teach many aspects of computer support and network administration. Students learn networking concepts, from usage to components, and create peer-to-peer network systems and client server networks. Students learn how to install and configure network cards and connect them to networks; to install the operating systems; to create, set up, and manage accounts; to load software; and to establish, implement, and maintain network integrity security plans. This course may cover software-based network operating systems, such as Windows Server or Linux, to prepare students with a foundation in computer network administration. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
    Computer Information Systems
    828001 Grades 9-12
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Keyboarding or Keyboard Proficiency
    Computer Information Systems provides students with opportunities to develop professional level skills in a project oriented approach through the use of the Microsoft Office software package. Students apply problem-solving skills to real-life situations through word processing,spreadsheets, databases, multimedia presentations, and integrated software activities. Students work individually and in groups to explore computer concepts, operating systems, networks,telecommunications, and emerging technologies. Students may also become eligible to test for a core level of MOS certification.
     
    Advanced Computer Information Systems
    828002 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite:Computer Information Systems
    Advanced Computer Information Systems provides students with basic comprehension of the Microsoft Office software package and an opportunity to refine their skills through a variety of project and research activities. Students apply problem-solving skills to real-life situations through advanced integrated software applications, including printed, electronic, and web publications. Students work individually and in groups to explore advanced computer maintenance activities,website development, programming, networking, emerging technology, and employability skills.
     
     Accounting
    830000 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 1 Prerequisite:None
    Students acquire the basic principles, concepts, and practices of the accounting cycle. Students learn fundamental accounting procedures using both manual and electronic systems. Interpretation of accounting information is mastered through decision-making and problem-solving approaches that include source documents, case studies, and simulations. Course topics include forms of ownership, accounts receivable/accounts payable systems, payroll,taxes, banking activities, business ethics, and financial statements.
     
     
    Business Law
    835700 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 0.5 Prerequisite:None
    Students examine the foundations of the American legal system and learn the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Students gain practical knowledge and life skills by exploring economic and social concepts related to laws governing business and individuals. Focus areas include contracts, consumer protection, criminal law,tort law, international law,family/domestic law, employment law, and careers in the legal profession. Shodl be taken with Business Management.
     
    Business Management
    836700 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 0.5 Prerequisite:None
    Students study basic management concepts and leadership styles as they explore business ownership,planning,operations, marketing,finance, economics, communications,the global marketplace, and human relations.Quality concepts,project management,problem solving, and ethical decision-making are an integral part of the course. Student leadership skills may be enhanced by participation in school-based job shadowing, internships, and/or the Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA). Shoudl be taken with Business Law. 
     
    Personal Finance
    825000 Grades 10-12
    Credit: 0.5 Prerequisite:None
    Students learn how to navigate the financial decisions they must face and to make informed decisions related to career exploration, budgeting, banking, credit, insurance,spending,taxes, saving, investing, buying/leasing a vehicle, living independently, and inheritance.Development of financial literacy skills and an understanding of economic principles provide the basis for responsible citizenship and career success. In addition to developing personal finance skills,students also study basic occupational skills and concepts in preparation for entry-level employment in the field of finance. The course incorporates all economic and financial literacy objectives included in the Code of Virginia §22.1-200-03B. This semester course is a graduation requirement beginning with the class of 2015. 
     
     
     Aerospace Science I
    810000 Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: None
    Aerospace Science I offers an introduction to the aerospace industry through a hands-on approach and exploration of topics such as flight, space, and supporting technologies. Students explore the aviation and space industries by examining the history of aviation, aerodynamics and aircraft components, flight conditions, airport and flight operations, space systems, rocketry, and living and working in space. This course counts as an elective credit. Lab fee: $20.00 
     
    Aerospace Science II 810500
    Grade(s): 11-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Aerospace Science I
    Aerospace Science II provides an advanced exploration of flight, space travel, and supporting technologies through a problem-solving method and practical application. Students explore concepts in aircraft operations; aircraft design, flight safety and maintenance; airport infrastructure; rocket technology; space systems; and living and working in the aerospace environment. This course counts as an elective credit. Lab fee: $20.00
     
    Materials and Processes 852000
    Grade(s): 9-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: None  Lab fee: $20.00
    Students focus on the industrial/technical materials and processes as they fabricate usable products and conduct experiments. Students explore and master multiple production materials including plastics, metals, woods, ceramics, and composites. Students explore the materials and the properties of each, investigate use of the materials in products, and experiment with the development of products using the materials. Students are expected to follow strict safety requirements when elements of instruction take place in the Technology Education production lab. Virginia’s Workplace Readiness competencies are also emphasized. This course counts as an elective credit. 
     
    Manufacturing Systems I 852400
    Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Materials and Processes or Technology of Robotic Design
    This course provides an orientation to careers in various fields of manufacturing. Emphasis will be placed on manufacturing systems, safety, materials, production, business concepts, and the manufacturing process. Students participate in individual and team activities to create products that demonstrate critical elements of manufacturing. Students are expected to follow strict safety requirements when elements of instruction take place in the Technology Education production lab. This course counts as an elective credit. Lab fee: $20.00
     
    Technical Drawing and Design 853000
    Grade(s): 9-11 Prerequisite: None In this foundation course, students learn the basic language of technical drawing and design, and they design, sketch, and make technical drawings, models, or prototypes of real design problems. The course is especially recommended for future engineering and architecture students. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
    Architectural Drawing and Design 854000
    Grade(s): 10-12 Credit: 1 Prerequisite: Technical Drawing and Design Students learn the principles of architecture and increase understanding of working drawings and construction techniques learned in the prerequisite course. Experiences include residential and commercial building designs, rendering, model development, and structural details. Students use computer-aided drawing and design (CADD) equipment and established standards or codes to prepare models for presentation. The course is especially beneficial to future architects, interior designers, or home builders. This course counts as an elective credit.
     
     
Last Modified on January 4, 2024