Grade Three General Music
The standards for Grade Three General Music enable students to continue building mastery in the areas of music literacy, including singing, playing instruments, listening, moving, and creating/composing music. Students continue to demonstrate the use of a creative process for creating music. Emphasis is placed on developing skills for singing and instrumental ensemble performance, and the continued development of musical understanding through the study of rhythm, musical form, and melodic notation. Students investigate music from different periods of music history and reflect on ways that music has value to people and communities.
3.1 The student will improvise and compose music.
- a) Improvise rhythmic question-and-answer phrases.
- b) Improvise accompaniments, including ostinatos.
- c) Compose melodies represented by a variety of notational systems.
3.2 The student will apply a creative process for music.
- a) Brainstorm multiple ideas for creating music as a group.
- b) Identify elements of a creative process for music.
- c) Reflect on the quality and technical skill of a personal or group music performance.
Critical Thinking and Communication
3.3 The student will analyze and evaluate music.
- a) Identify and explain examples of musical form.
- b) Compare and contrast instruments visually and aurally.
- c) Listen to and describe basic music elements using music terminology.
- d) Compare and contrast stylistic differences in music from a variety of cultures.
- e) Describe music compositions and performances.
3.4 The student will explain personal motivations for making music.
3.5 The student will explain collaboration and communication skills for music rehearsal and performance.
- a) Use audience and participant etiquette appropriate for the purposes and settings in which music is performed.
- b) Active listening for musical understanding.
- c) Nonverbal communication (e.g., eye contact, body language).
History, Culture, and Citizenship
3.6 The student will explore historical and cultural aspects of music.
- a) Recognize music compositions from different periods of music history.
- b) Listen to and describe instruments from a variety of time periods and places.
3.7 The student will describe why music has value to people and communities.
3.8 The student will recognize ethical use of the Internet for exploring music topics.
Innovation in the Arts
3.9 The student will identify a variety of careers in music.
3.10 The student will identify how music can be created using innovative tools and new media.
3.11 The student will describe relationships between music and other fields of knowledge.
Technique and Application
3.12 The student will demonstrate music literacy.
- a) Identify written melodic movement as step, leap, or repeat.
- b) Demonstrate the melodic shape (contour) of a written musical phrase.
- c) Use a variety of notational systems.
- d) Read melodies of increasing complexity based on a pentatonic scale.
- e) Divide rhythms into measures.
- f) Read and notate rhythmic patterns that include sixteenth notes, single eighth notes, eighth rests, and dotted half notes.
- g) Explain the functions of basic music symbols.
3.13 The student will develop skills for individual and ensemble singing performance.
- a) Sing in tune with a clear tone quality.
- b) Sing melodies within the range of an octave.
- c) Sing melodies notated in varying forms.
- d) Sing with expression using a wide range of tempos and dynamics.
- e) Sing rounds, partner songs, and ostinatos in two-part ensembles.
- f) Maintain proper posture for singing.
3.14 The student will develop skills for individual and ensemble instrumental performance.
- a) Play music in two-part ensembles.
- b) Play melodies notated in varying forms.
- c) Play a given melody on an instrument.
- d) Play with expression using a wide range of tempos and dynamics.
- e) Accompany songs and chants with tonic and dominant chords.
- f) Demonstrate proper playing techniques.
3.15 The student will classify, perform, and count rhythmic patterns.
- a) Use a counting system.
- b) Include patterns that suggest duple and triple meter.
- c) Use instruments, body percussion, and voice.
- d) Include sixteenth notes, single eighth notes, eighth rests, and dotted half notes.
3.16 The student will demonstrate understanding of meter.
- a) Determine strong and weak beats.
- b) Perform sets of beats grouped in twos and threes.
3.17 The student will respond to music with movement.
- a) Illustrate rondo form (ABACA).
- b) Perform non-choreographed and choreographed movements.
- c) Perform dances and other music activities.