Grade Two General Music
The standards for Grade Two General Music enable students to continue developing musical skills and concepts in singing, playing instruments, listening, performing, responding with expression, creating/composing, and moving with a focus on fine motor skills. Students continue to explore the concept of a creative process and how it can be used to develop ideas for creating music. Emphasis is placed on ensemble playing, notating pitches and rhythms, and identifying instruments. Students investigate how people experience music in everyday life and explore how music evokes personal ideas and emotions.
2.1 The student will improvise and compose music.
- a) Improvise simple rhythmic question-and-answer phrases.
- b) Improvise accompaniments, including ostinatos.
- c) Improvise to enhance stories, songs, and poems.
- d) Compose simple pentatonic melodies represented by a variety of notational systems.
2.2 The student will apply a creative process for music.
- a) Brainstorm ideas for creating music.
- b) Describe steps taken in the creation of music.
- c) Develop questions for evaluating and revising music ideas as a group.
Critical Thinking and Communication
2.3 The student will analyze music.
- a) Identify selected instruments visually and aurally.
- b) Describe sudden and gradual changes in dynamics and tempo using music terminology.
- c) Identify and categorize selected musical forms.
- d) Use music vocabulary to describe music.
2.4 The student will describe how music evokes personal ideas and emotions.
2.5 The student will demonstrate collaboration and communication skills for music rehearsal and performance.
- a) Use audience and participant etiquette appropriate for the purposes and settings in which music is performed.
- b) Use active listening as a musician.
- c) Work together to reach a common goal.
History, Culture, and Citizenship
2.6 The student will explore historical and cultural aspects of music.
- a) Identify music representing heritage, customs, and traditions of a variety of cultures.
- b) Explore styles of musical examples from various historical periods.
2.7 The student will describe roles of music and musicians in communities.
2.8 The student will identify appropriate sources for listening to music.
Innovation in the Arts
2.9 The student will identify how individuals create music.
2.10 The student will identify how music can be created using technology tools.
2.11 The student will identify relationships between music and other fields of knowledge.
Technique and Application
2.12 The student will demonstrate music literacy.
- a) Identify written melodic patterns that move upward, downward, and stay the same.
- b) Use the musical alphabet to notate melodic patterns.
- c) Read and notate melodies based on a pentatonic scale.
- d) Read and notate rhythmic patterns that include half notes, half rests, whole notes, and whole rests.
- e) Use basic music symbols.
2.13 The student will develop skills for individual and ensemble singing performance.
- a) Sing melodic patterns that move upward, downward, and stay the same.
- b) Sing melodies within the range of a sixth.
- c) Increase pitch accuracy while singing phrases and simple songs.
- d) Demonstrate expressive singing by changing dynamics and tempo.
2.14 The student will develop skills for individual and ensemble instrumental performance.
- a) Play melodic patterns that move upward, downward, and stay the same.
- b) Play expressively, following changes in dynamics and tempo.
- c) Accompany songs and chants with ostinatos and single-chords.
- d) Use proper playing techniques.
2.15 The student will classify, perform, and count rhythmic patterns.
- a) Use a counting system.
- b) Include patterns that suggest duple and triple meter.
- c) Use instruments, body percussion, and voice.
- d) Include half notes, half rests, whole notes, and whole rests.
2.16 The student will understand and apply the difference between melodic rhythm and steady beat using body percussion, instruments, and voice.
2.17 The student will respond to music with movement.
- a) Use locomotor and non-locomotor movements of increasing complexity.
- b) Demonstrate expressive qualities of music including, changes in dynamics and tempo.
- c) Create movement to illustrate AB and ABA musical forms.
- d) Perform dances and other musical activities.