In Latin I, students begin to develop the ability to comprehend simple written Latin texts based on a variety of topics. The first strand of the Latin Standards of Learning focuses on interpretation of texts because the focus is on comprehension rather than person-to-person communication. To support the development of reading skills, students learn to use Latin orally, understand oral Latin, and write very simple phrases and sentences. Students also learn about the perspectives, practices, and products of the ancient Romans as reflected in aspects of the daily lives of Roman people. Students compare these cultural and historical elements to their own culture and recognize examples of the influence of Greco-Roman civilization in their own world. Through their understanding of the structures and vocabulary of the Latin language, students enhance their understanding of these same linguistic elements of English.
Reading for Understanding
LI.1 The student will understand simple written Latin texts about a variety of topics.
1. Read words, phrases, simple sentences, and short passages, and associate them with visual representations.
2. Demonstrate reading comprehension by answering simple questions about Latin passages.
3. Demonstrate knowledge of basic Latin vocabulary, inflections, and syntax.
Using Oral and Written Language for Understanding
LI.2 The student will use Latin orally and listen to and write Latin as part of the language-learning process.
1. Recognize and reproduce the sounds of Latin vowels, consonants, and diphthongs.
2. Initiate and respond appropriately to simple oral and written questions, statements, and commands.
3. Compose simple Latin phrases and sentences.
Cultural Perspectives, Practices, and Products
LI.3 The student will develop an awareness of perspectives, practices, and products of Roman culture.
1. Identify practices in Roman life, such as those related to family, education, occupations, mythology, and social structure.
2. Examine products of the Romans, such as food, clothing, buildings, and art.
3. Locate major geographical features of the classical world, such as bodies of water, mountain ranges, and cities.
4. Identify important historical and legendary figures and events, such as Romulus, the founding of Rome, and the three periods of Roman history.
5. Participate in simulated cultural activities, such as family celebrations, banquets, and festivals.
LI.4 The student will recognize that perspectives, practices, and products of Roman culture are interrelated.
1. Recognize that products of the Roman world reflect practices and perspectives of Roman culture, such as the toga as the symbol of Roman citizenship.
2. Examine ways geography and history influenced practices and perspectives of the Romans, such as the founding of Rome near the Tiber River.
Making Connections through Language
LI.5 The student will connect information about the Latin language and Roman culture with concepts studied in other subject areas.
1. Give examples of the use of Latin vocabulary, numerals, mottoes, phrases, and symbols in other subject areas.
2. Relate current events and content from other subject areas to topics discussed in Latin class, such as Greco-Roman mythology and the influence of geography, history, art, and architecture.
Cultural and Linguistic Comparisons
LI.6 The student will demonstrate understanding of the significance of culture through comparisons between Roman culture and the cultures of the United States.
1. Compare and contrast elements of Roman and American cultures, such as eating habits, clothing styles, educational practices, architectural styles, and family and social structures.
2. Demonstrate an awareness of unique elements of the student’s own culture.
LI.7 The student will compare basic elements of the Latin language to those of the English language.
1. Recognize that the basic language patterns of Latin may differ significantly from those of English.
2. Interpret the Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes that appear in English words.
3. Compare and contrast the sound systems of Latin and English.
Communication across Communities
LI.8 The student will explore situations in which to apply Latin language skills and cultural knowledge beyond the classroom setting for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.
1. Present examples of the Latin language and classical Roman culture evident in media, entertainment, and occupations.
2. Use resources, such as individuals and organizations in the community or accessible through the Internet, to gain information about classical Roman culture.