In German II, students continue to develop their communicative competence by interacting orally and in writing with other German speakers, understanding oral and written messages in German, and making oral and written presentations in German. They begin to show a greater level of accuracy when using basic language structures, and they are exposed to more complex features of the German language. They continue to focus on communicating about their immediate world and daily activities. They read material on familiar topics and write short, directed compositions. Emphasis continues to be placed on use of German in the classroom as well as on use of authentic materials to learn about German-speaking cultures.
GII.1 The student will exchange spoken and written information and ideas in German.
1. Give and follow basic instructions.
2. Ask questions and provide responses about self, others, and the immediate environment, such as exchanges concerning people and things, plans and events, feelings and emotions, and geographic direction and location.
GII.2 The student will demonstrate skills necessary to initiate, sustain, and close brief oral and written exchanges in German, using familiar and recombined phrases and sentences.
1. Participate in brief oral and written exchanges that reflect present, past, and future time.
2. Use simple paraphrasing and nonverbal behaviors to convey and comprehend messages.
Listening and Reading for Understanding
GII.3 The student will understand basic spoken and written German presented through a variety of media and based on new topics in familiar contexts.
1. Understand main ideas and identify essential details when listening and reading.
2. Understand culturally authentic materials, such as announcements, messages, and advertisements that present new and familiar information.
3. Understand and respond appropriately to simple instructions presented in informational materials, such as instructions for following recipes or applying technology.
GII.4 The student will use verbal and nonverbal cues to interpret spoken and written texts in German.
1. Differentiate among increasingly complex statements, questions, and exclamations.
2. Interpret gestures, body language, and intonation in order to clarify the message.
Oral and Written Presentation
GII.5 The student will present information orally and in writing in German, combining learned and original language in simple sentences and paragraphs.
1. Relate in some detail the main ideas from level-appropriate print or nonprint materials.
2. Present information, using structures that reflect present, past, and future time.
3. Demonstrate attention to accurate intonation and pronunciation when speaking.
4. Demonstrate attention to accurate word order, punctuation, accents and other diacritical marks, and spelling when writing.
GII.6 The student will present in German rehearsed and unrehearsed material, including skits, poems, plays, short narratives, and/or songs.
1. Use appropriate verbal and nonverbal techniques, such as voice inflection, gestures, and facial expressions.
2. Communicate ideas in an organized manner, using appropriate visual and/or technological support.
Cultural Perspectives, Practices, and Products
GII.7 The student will demonstrate understanding of the perspectives, practices, and products of German-speaking cultures and the ways these cultural aspects are interrelated.
1. Participate in authentic or simulated cultural activities, such as family activities and holiday celebrations.
2. Identify and discuss patterns of behavior typically associated with German-speaking cultures, such as those relating to business practices and the celebration of national holidays.
3. Examine the influence of the geography of German-speaking countries on cultural elements, such as food, clothing, dwellings, transportation, language, and art.
Making Connections through Language
GII.8 The student will use information acquired in the study of German and information acquired in other subject areas to reinforce one another.
1. Give examples of the influence of the German language and German-speaking cultures in other subject areas, such as the use of German words in the English language or the contributions of important individuals from German-speaking countries.
2. Compare and contrast information acquired in other subject areas to topics discussed in German class, such as the use of the metric system for measuring distance, volume, and weight or the impact of historical events on various regions of the world.
Cultural and Linguistic Comparisons
GII.9 The student will demonstrate understanding of cultural similarities and differences between the German-speaking world and the United States.
1. Identify similarities and differences of traditions, such as those related to holidays, foods, family, and celebrations.
2. Identify similarities and differences of geography and their impact on aspects of culture, such as food, clothing, dwellings, transportation, recreation, and art.
GII.10 The student will develop a deeper understanding of the English language through study of German.
1. Recognize critical sound distinctions and intonation patterns in the German and English languages and their effect on the communication of meaning.
2. Compare vocabulary usage and structural patterns of German and English.
3. Compare the use of idiomatic expressions in German and English.
Communication across Communities
GII.11 The student will apply German language skills and cultural knowledge in opportunities beyond the classroom setting for recreational, educational, and occupational purposes.
1. Explain in German how the German language and German-speaking culture(s) are evident in media, entertainment, and technology.
2. Use German-language resources, such as individuals and organizations in the community or accessible through the Internet, to reinforce cultural knowledge of the German-speaking world.