•          Third Quarter

    Study Guide for The Alchemist

    A.    Vocabulary

    alchemy- form of chemistry
    Andalusia- region in Southern Spain
    caravan- company of travelers
    Egypt- country in Northern Africa
    levanter- strong wind over Mediterranean
    omen- sign of something to come
    oasis- fertile place in desert
    myth- traditional story
    parable- short, simple story
    simum- a desert sandstorm

    B.     Create a resume for Santiago. (in class activity)

    Think about your Personal Legend in life.  Be prepared to write a paragraph about the theme that Paul Coelho was expressing in the book. (in class activity)
    Week of February 24th:
    • Grammar: Edit resumes for grammatical errors
    • Literature: Begin reading On the Corner of Bitter and Sweet.
    Study Guide
    English 12 Midterm Exam

    Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, and Adverbs
    Nouns are persons, places, things, or ideas (examples: desk, school, Farmwell Station Middle School, freedom, liberty, United States Constitution, New York, Mr. Anderson).
    Nouns are Proper (Mr. Anderson, Broad Run High School, and Ashburn) and Common (boy, car, and mountains). In the following sentence, circle the Proper Noun.

    The teacher gave the book and study guide to Julia.

    In the following sentence, circle the Common Noun/Nouns.

    Our principal, Mr. Anderson, tells a joke before the announcements.

    On the spaces below, change the Proper Nouns to Common Nouns:

    Ferrari ____________________

    Broad Run High School _________________

    Mars _________________________

    On the spaces below, change the Common Nouns to Proper Nouns:
                    sports team _________________
                    entertainer __________________
                    town ___________________________

    Pronouns are used in place of nouns (examples: he, she, it, him, her, and them).
    Pronouns are either Subjective (doer of action) or Objective (receiver of action).

    In the following sentence, replace the Proper Noun with a Subjective Pronoun.

    Louisa went to the mall to buy socks, shoes, and make-up.



    In the following sentence, replace the receiver of the action with an Objective Pronoun.

    The French teacher gave notes to John.



    In the spaces below, change the nouns to pronouns:

                    Phillip ________

                    desk _________

                    Toyota ____________

                    Alex and Melissa _______________

    In the spaces below, change the pronouns to nouns:

                    she ____________

                    them ____________

                    him _____________

                    it ______________

    Adjectives describe nouns (examples: blue sky, torrential storms, and obedient dog).
    On the blank spaces below, complete the sentences use adjectives to describe the nouns.
    Mary ate a ___________________ lunch of _______________ salad and __________________ soup.

    Adverbs describe verbs (examples: walked slowly, ate voraciously, and ran quickly).
    On the blank space below, write an adverb to describe the verb.
    After the last class of the day, the students ran ________________________to catch their bus.

    End Punctuation:
    Use either a period (declarative sentence), question mark (asking a question), or an exclamation point (shows strong feelings). Add end punctuation for the sentences below.

    Be careful
    Have you handed in your essay to your teacher
    Jack, erase the board
    Watch out
    I am wondering if we will have a stormy February
    Why are you not going to the basketball game
    Verb Tenses: Past, Present, and Future
    If a verb is used in the past, an ed is added to the word (cooked). If the verb is used in the present tense, an s is added for a singular subject and add a helping verb is to form a verb phrase (cook, cooks, is cooking). If the task will be performed in the future, add will before the verb.

    Make changes to the verb to make the sentences grammatically correct.

                    Sandi _________________ (bake) chocolate chip cookies every Wednesday.
                    Yesterday, Fred and Maurice __________________ (shop) for new cars.
                    Tomorrow, the teacher __________________________ (give) the class their study




    berate (v.)

    to scold angrily

    estrange (v.)

    to drive away

    euphoric (adj.)

    very happy

    impetuous (adj.)


    infallible (adj.


    maudlin (adj.)

    overly emotional

    regress (v.)

    to go backwards

    relinquish (v.)

    to yield

    ubiquitous (adj.)

    found everywhere

    zenith (n.)

    the highest point

     “This Blessed House”
    by Jhumpa Lahiri

    Sanjeev and Twinkle, a Hindu couple of Indian descent, are recently married. They are young professionals who just bought their first house. Sanjeev is a young professional who wants to succeed in life. He is neat and precise. Twinkle is carefree, happy, and excited about decorating their new home. Here is the situation: When Twinkle and Sanjeev would go around their house decorating and fixing up their new home, they would find Christian articles around their home. They found statutes of Jesus and the Virgin Mary along with other Christian keepsakes. These articles would be found in every room of the house, even the attic. Sanjeev’s first reaction was to throw these items into the trash; he hated them. Twinkle, on the other hand, thought of the religious articles as treasures. She loved them and wanted to display them prominently in their home. Toward the end of the story, Sanjeev begins to realize that, just because he and Twinkle were so diverse in thinking, this should not keep them from growing together as a couple. This is a story about culture and personality.

    “The Good Brother’s Reward” retold by Frances Carpenter

    This is a Korean folktale about greed. The lesson in the tale uses gourd seeds and how they are sewn and cared for will produce much or little. The theme explains to the reader that we make choices in life about our behavior.

    “The Trout” by Sean O’Faolain

    Sean O’Faolain is an Irish writer who had an early life filled with struggles. In addition to teaching English, O’Faolain also was a political activist. This short story is written in dialogue form. Julia and her little brother, Stephen, are the main characters. Clearly, Julia wants to be in control, but in the end, a sense of warmth and caring for the trout brings about a transformation in how she acts and what she says. “The Trout” takes the problem, how to free the trout from the suffocating hole in the rock, to a solution of releasing the trout. Julia wanted to keep the trout for herself, but realizes that it is selfish and she has the control to release the fish.

    “Clever Manka” retold by Parker Filmore

    “Clever Manka” is a Czechoslovakian tale that deals with greed and dishonesty. A rich farmer, who always cheated the people in his community, asked the mayor to settle a dispute over a cow. The mayor, who was taken with his new wife Manka, asked her to never interfere with his judgments. If Manka interfered, her husband would send her home to her father. Manka did interfere and was sent home by her husband. Before she left he gave her one final wish. Manka chose to make the mayor all his favorite food; he ate and ate until he fell into a deep sleep. Manka then took him home to her father’s modest cottage. When the mayor awoke, he realized that Manka was very clever, and how much he loved her. 

    MLA Citation
    -  Use the following example for citing a book.  Another example will be provided for your exam. 

    The book is written by John Sanford. The title of the book is Rules of Prey, and it was written in 1989. G. P. Putnam’s Sons published the book in 1989. There are 362 pages in the book.

     Sanford, John. Rules of Prey. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1989. 362. Print.

    Thesis Statements -  Example:  Tell us about your favorite food and why.  Use the formula provided below.
    My favorite food is  vanilla ice cream, because it is sweet, creamy, and satisfying.
    Creative Writing- You will have an opportunity to write another creative paragraph. This will be the fun part of your midterm and does not require preparation.

    Quarter 2

    Vocabulary # 3 Quiz December 9, 2013
    dissident-a rebel
    embellish-to decorate
    fritter-to waste
    inadvertent-not intended
    juxtapose- compare or contrast
    subsidize-to help with costs

    Vocabulary #2 
    collaborate- team up
    despondent- depressed
    instigate- cause or incite
    resilient- quick to recover
    retrospect- looking back on something
    rudimentary- basic
    scoff- to ridicule
    squelch- to hold back
    venerate- honor
    zealot- extremist or fanatic

    This quarter we will be focusing on reading comprehension, inferences and details. In writing we will be focusing on brief writing as well as 3-5 paragraph essays.  Additionally, we will review grammar, punctuation, and vocabulary
    INDIVIDUAL READ BOOK:  This project is an out of class project and the directions are as follows:
    Independent Read
    Due Date: Friday, October 25th
      Place materials in paper bag or baggie
      5 items or images that represent the following: place, problem, antagonist, protagonist, and resolution  
      Place the five items in the bag and hand in NO LATER THAN October 25th.    
    LITERATURE/READING:  The students will read "This Blessed House" by  Jhumpa Lahiri, readings from the Great Depression, and a number of selections to increase reading comprehension, inferences, and details.
    WRITING: The students will focus on  journal reflections, writing thesis statements, friendly letters, and a descriptive essay.

    Great Depression Essay


    (1) Five paragraphs
    Paragraph #1- Introduction (4-5 sentences)
                                   Last sentence in the paragraph is the thesis statement
                                   Thesis Statement: The Great Depression was a hardship in the lives of
                                   Americans, because ____________________, ______________________,
                                                                     and _________________________________.

                     (The three blanks might be something like the following: of the stock market crash,  
                       unemployment, and hunger.)

        Paragraph #2- talks about the first blank (perhaps the stock market crash)

        Paragraph #3- talks about the second blank (perhaps unemployment)

        Paragraph #4- talks about the third blank (perhaps hunger)

        Paragraph # 5- conclusion (restates paragraph # 1)

    (2) Other Requirements

         Indented paragraphs, Times Roman #12, double-spaced, title and student name

Last Modified on February 18, 2014